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White-Tailed Deer
 
 
 
Deer Counts
 
There are two primary forms used for Reed Ranch deer counts, a daylight observation form and a night count form. There are instructions for how to use these forms and how to conduct the counts on each forms. Often time these counts are supplemented by hunter observation records recorded during the season.
 
On the night count a 5.6 mile line has been drawn and computed according to visibility. The night counts are taken to provide an estimate of the acres per deer and the various daylight counts are used to compute an estimate of the number of buck, doe and fawn per acre. The night count line has a visibility of about 378 acres, or about 21% of the entire 1,780 acre ranch. The assumption is that this 21% visibility (when repeated about 3 times over a several week period of time and averaged) will give a fair approximation of the deer herd count in the geographic area in which the ranch is located.
 
Here's some Ranch Specific Guidelines to follow when doing daylight counts.
 
Census & Observation Records
 
The first census of deer was taken in 1991 on the Reed Ranch. Since that time a total of 12 census counts have been complete. Here are some of the results from the first part of the 90's, the mid 90's and the first part of the 2000 years.
Years
 
Ac / Deer
 
Doe / Buck
 
Fawn / Doe
 
Bucks
 
Does
 
Fawns
 
Buck/Doe Ratio
 
Deer Per 1000 Ac
1991-92
6
 
6
 
.4
 
10%
 
63%
 
27%
 
1:6
 
180
1994-95
11
 
4
 
.3
 
17%
 
66%
 
17%
 
1:4
 
84
2000-01
5
 
2
 
.6
 
26%
 
48%
 
26%
 
1:2
 
205
2002-02
8
 
1.7
 
.4
 
30%
 
49%
 
21%
 
1:2
 
199
 
Here are what the most recent years of census records look like:
 
Years
 
Ac / Deer
 
Doe / Buck
 
Fawn / Doe
 
Bucks
 
Does
 
Fawns
 
Buck/Doe Ratio
 
Deer Per 1000 Ac
1999
 
4
 
5
 
.4
 
12%
 
60%
 
28%
 
1:5
 
261
2000
 
5
 
2
 
.4
 
23%
 
54%
 
23%
 
1:2
 
200
2001
 
5
 
2
 
.7
 
29%
 
48%
 
28%
 
1:2
 
210
2002
 
7
 
1.4
 
.4
 
34%
 
46%
 
20%
 
1:1.4
 
143
2003
 
8
 
1.4
 
.5
 
31%
 
45%
 
24%
 
1:1.4
 
124
2004
 
11
 
1.2.4
 
.3
 
23%
 
57%
 
20%
 
1:2
 
85
2005
 
8
 
3.4
 
.2
 
20%
 
66%
 
14%
 
1:3
 
119
2006
 
9
 
2.3
 
.3
 
25%
 
57%
 
18%
 
1:2
 
107
 
Here are what the most recent years of night counts look like:
 
Years
 
1st night count
 
2nd night count
 
3rd night count
 
Total counted
 
Average Counted
1999
 
81
 
116
 
No Count
 
197
 
98
2000
 
70
 
79
 
78
 
227
 
76
2001
 
71
 
57
 
100
 
228
 
76
2002
 
77
 
73
 
105
 
255
 
85
2003
 
53
 
56
 
32
 
141
 
57
2004
 
32
 
No Count
 
No Count
 
32
 
32
2005
 
43
 
47
 
No Count
 
90
 
45
2006
 
44
 
35
 
43
 
122
 
41
 
In 2002, hunter collected observation data after deer season began. This observation data was used to confirm the information collected by the census counts and has been factored into the 2002 data above. Overall hunter observation was collected from the beginning of the season through the first of November.
 
Oct 2002 Observation
Doe
 
197
Fawn
 
85
Buck
 
104
Unknown
 
45
--
 
--
Total
 
431
 
During the Fall of 2002, the data on buck was extended through the mid-part of November to compute the number of points on a buck. During this time there were a total of 152 bucks observed from the beginning of the season through the mid-part of November. Number of points data was collected on 112 of these 152 bucks. Here's what the information looks like in terms of the number of points for the 112 bucks observed.
 
 
2002 #
 
2002 %
Spikes
 
27
 
24%
3 pts
 
 
2
 
2%
4 pts
 
32
 
028%
5 pts
 
4
 
4%
6 pts
 
13
 
12%
7 pts
 
3
 
3%
8 pts
 
24
 
21%
9 pts
 
4
 
4%
10 pts
 
2
 
2%
11 pts
 
0
 
0%
12 pts
 
0
 
0%
Don't know
 
40
 
N/A
--
 
--
 
--
Total
 
152
 
100%
 
Harvest Records
 
The age and weight (gutted) for each deer harvested is record, plus the antler measurements for buck taken. Here are some numbers from most recent harvest recorders:
Years
 
Buck Trophy
 
Buck Cull
 
Adult Does
 
Female Fawns
 
Male Fawns
 
Total Harvest
1998
 
3
 
0
 
9
 
0
 
0
 
12
1999
 
3
 
0
 
33
 
2
 
1
 
39
2000
 
5
 
1
 
34
 
1
 
1
 
42
2001
 
3
 
7
 
33
 
3
 
5
 
51
2002
 
3
 
5
 
16
 
2
 
3
 
29
2003
 
5
 
4
 
19
 
2
 
1
 
31
2004
 
1
 
2
 
15
 
0
 
1
 
19
2005
 
7
 
1
 
20
 
0
 
2
 
30
Total
 
30
 
20
 
179
 
10
 
14
 
253
 
An antlerless deer form and a buck form is used to record information on each deer taken. All deer taken on the Reed Ranch must have a MLD Permit (Managed Lands Deer Permit) attached. Year by year harvest records include Club Member Deer and Game 2009-10, Club Member Deer and Game 2008-09, Club Member Deer and Game 2007-08, Club Member Deer and Game 2004-05 and subsequent years of harvest records.
Aging Deer
 
Deer Aging Video
 
 
 
Good deer management says take only mature bucks (bucks 4 1/2 years of age or older).
 
Each club member is encouraged to learn how to age deer on the hoof. There's a video tape available which can be used for training purposes. This same video tapes teaches a hunter how to age a deer by examining the teeth in a jaw bone.
 
This video is available for ordering from Forestry Suppliers, Inc. at 1-800-647-5368. The cost (as of Fall 2004) is $27.95 plus shipping.